Historical Highlights

Compiled and created by Ohio Army National Guard Historical Collections

Stow armory with 1st Sgt Robert Pinn super imposed

Photos from Ohio Army National Guard Historical Collections & Library of Congress

Stow armory named for U.S. Colored Troops hero during Civil War

First Sgt. Robert Pinn (1843-1911), Company I, 5th United States Colored Troops, earned the Medal of Honor during the Battle of New Market Heights, Va. on Sept. 29, 1864. A native of Stark County, he was the first Black Soldier to have an armory or readiness center named after him in the state, in the early 1970s, when the new Ohio Army National Guard Armory in Stow was opened.

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Video produced by Sgt. 1st Class Josh Mann.

Nov. 25, 1940

Company C, 192nd Tank Battalion inducted into Federal Service

Albert Allen Jr. was with Company C, 192nd Tank Battalion in the Philippines when the Japanese attacked on Dec. 8, 1941, just hours after attacking Pearl Harbor. In this 2003 interview, Allen recalls that day’s events.

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Painting of HELL'S WENCH aircraft with black and white photo of Baker superimposed.

Photo from Ohio Army National Guard historical Collections

Aug. 1, 1943

Lt. Col. Addison Baker earns Medal of Honor during WWII

Fire Over Ploesti, National Guard Heritage Series by Roy Grinnell, depicts Lt. Col. Addison Baker’s badly damaged B-24 Liberator, “Hell’s Wench,” during Operation Tidal Wave, Aug. 1, 1943. with Lt. Col. Addison Baker, circa 1943.

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Black and white photo of Soldiers on beach.

Photo from Ohio Army National Guard historical Collections

Jan. 9, 1945

75th anniversary:
37th Infantry Division in the Luzon Campaign

Soldiers, guns and equipment of the 37th Infantry Division pour ashore during the American landing on Lingayen Gulf, Luzon, Philippine Islands, Jan. 9, 1945.

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V-E DAY graphic

Graphic from Ohio Army National Guard Historical Collections

May 8, 1945

V-E Day at 75:
The Ohio National Guard in the European Theater

On May 8, 1945, the world celebrated Victory in Europe, or V-E Day, marking the end of World War II in the European Theater of Operations. There were 11 units from the Ohio National Guard that served in the European Theater during the war.

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V-J DAY graphic

Graphic from Ohio Army National Guard Historical Collections

Sept. 2, 1945

‘It’s over and we’re coming home soon!’: Marking the 75th anniversary of V-J Day

Sept. 2, 1945 marks the 75th anniversary of V-J Day, or Victory over Japan Day. It was on this day that Imperial Japan surrendered and World War II came to an end. The majority of Ohio National Guard units fought in the Pacific Theater against the Japanese. The most well-known is the 37th Infantry Division, which finished the war on Luzon after 592 days of combat. Led by Maj. Gen. Robert S. Beightler for the duration of the war, the Buckeyes spent the weeks after V-J Day accepting the surrender of over 16,000 Japanese soldiers. Soldiers from Company C, 192nd Tank Battalion, who had been prisoners of war since the fall of Bataan in April 1942, where liberated from numerous camps across Asia. "

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Black and white photo of commander reading surender.

Photo from Ohio Army National Guard Historical Collections

Sept. 2, 1945

Yamashita Surrenders

Japanese Gen. Tomoyuki Yamishita (far right), the Tiger of Malaya and commander of all Japanese forces in the Philippines, surrenders to U.S. forces. Defiant up to the last moment of surrender in Tokyo, he is seen here discussing the situation of the remaining Japanese forces with Maj. Gen. Robert S. Beightler (far left), commanding general, U.S. Forces in Luzon, Philippine Islands.

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KBlack and white image of Soldiers lining the dock preparing to board ship.

Photo from Ohio Army National Guard Historical Collections

Nov. 22, 1945

Heading home from the war on Thanksgiving Day 1945

The U.S. Army Transport Puebla is shown loading 2,000 Soldiers of the 37th Infantry Division for their return to the United States on Thanksgiving Day, Nov. 22, 1945, at San Fernando, La Union, Luzon, Philippine Islands. The 37th had been overseas since May 1942 and had accumulated 592 days of combat on New Georgia, Bougainville and Luzon.

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F-84F 'Thunderstreaks' fly over Etain, France.

Photo from Ohio Army National Guard Historical Collections

Oct. 1, 1961

The Berlin Crisis

F-84F “Thunderstreaks” of the 166th Tactical Fighter Squadron, 121st Tactical Fighter Wing fly over Etain, France during the unit’s mobilization for the Berlin Crisis in 1961-62.

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