Lithograph of battle with mountains

Photos from Library of Congress

Lithograph of the Battle of Buena Vista produced from a sketch taken on the spot by Maj. Eaton, aide de camp to Gen. Zachary Taylor, published by H.R. Robinson of New York.

Marking the 175th anniversary of the Battle of Buena Vista

Story by Sgt. 1st Class Joshua Mann, Ohio Army National Guard Historian

On Feb. 23, 1847, American forces under Maj. Gen. Zachary Taylor defeat Mexican troops under Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna at the Battle of Buena Vista, Mexico. The 2nd and 3rd Ohio Volunteer Infantry Regiments were active in the battle, guarding Taylor’s supply depots and escorting wagon trains that were rushing needed supplies to the battle. Near Aqua Fria, a detachment of troops from the 2nd Ohio were attacked by a force of 1,000 lancers. The troops formed into a square and continued their march while engaging with the enemy force until they reached San Francisco.

When the two regiments were being sent back to Ohio in May 1847, Brig. Gen. John E. Wool published in orders number 190, “The Second and Third Regiment will return to their homes with the consciousness that they have done great credit to their state, rendered good service to their country, and that they bear with them the hearty good will and sincere admiration of the companies and commander.”

Today, the 148th Infantry Regiment displays a campaign streamer for Buena Vista on its organizational colors as a descendant of the 2nd Ohio.


Battle flag

Photos from Library of Congress

National flag of the 2nd Ohio Volunteer Infantry used by the regiment during the Mexican War. This is one of four flags from the Mexican War that are part of the Adjutant General’s Battle Flag Collection.

Samuel R. Curtis

Photo from Library of Congress

Samuel R. Curtis, pictured here as a major general during the Civil War, was the adjutant general of Ohio at the outbreak of the Mexican War in 1846. Curtis, a graduate of the U.S. Military Academy, resigned his post as the head of the Ohio Militia to command the 3rd Regiment during the war.

George W. Morgan

Photo from Library of Congress

Col. George W. Morgan, photographed here circa 1860, was a veteran of the Texas Revolution and was a lawyer in Mount Vernon, Ohio when the call came for volunteers to serve in the Mexican War. He organized a company from there and after arriving at Camp Washington, was elected to command the 2nd Regiment during the war, leading it during the Battle of Buena Vista. Today’s 148th Infantry Regiment is the descendant of the 2nd Regiment and bears a campaign streamer for Buena Vista.


Stow armory with 1st Sgt Robert Pinn super imposed

Stow armory named for U.S. Colored Troops hero during Civil War

First Sgt. Robert Pinn (1843-1911) earned the Medal of Honor during the Battle of New Market Heights, Va. on Sept. 29, 1864. He was the first Black Soldier to have an armory or readiness center named after him in the state, in the early 1970s, when the new Ohio Army National Guard Armory in Stow was opened.


Painting of HELL'S WENCH aircraft with black and white photo of Baker superimposed.

Lt. Col. Addison Baker earns Medal of Honor during WWII

On Aug. 1, 1943, “Hell’s Wench,” an American B-24 bomber badly damaged by antiaircraft artillery fire, led the 93rd Bombardment Group (Heavy) in its daring low-level attack on the oil refineries at Ploesti, Romania, which supplied two-thirds of Germany’s petroleum production at that stage of World War II.


Pvt. Jacob Parrott with super-imposed Medal of Honor

Medal of Honor history:
Member of Ohio National Guard predecessor was first recipient

Pvt. Jacob Parrott, a member of the Ohio Volunteer Militia — the predecessor to the Ohio National Guard — has the distinction of being the first person to receive the Medal of Honor, on March 25, 1863.


Painting depicts the action of Pvt. Billy E. Vinson who fought off a bayonet attack by six Japanese rifleman

‘…Manila Would Do’:
Marking the 75th anniversary of the Battle of Manila

Spearheading the mission to retake the Philippine capital city of Manila from the Japanese in 1945 was the Ohio National Guard’s 37th Infantry Division, by then veterans of four years of active service and two bloody jungle campaigns: New Georgia and Bougainville.